Slipper believed he was spied upon

March 1st, 2019 / / categories: 南京夜网419 /

Peter Slipper arrives at the Federal Court in Sydney.
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THE man who introduced Peter Slipper to former aide and accuser James Ashby was told by the stood-aside Speaker that he believed he was being spied on.

The Age has obtained 200 pages of court documents detailing every SMS sent between Mr Slipper and Mr Ashby – who is suing the Speaker and former employer for sexual harassment – over a nine-month period.

The text messages – which reveal a one-time close and ribald relationship between the politician and the former staffer – were filed by Mr Ashby’s legal team in the Federal Court on Friday but are not public.

Rhys Reynolds, who briefly worked in Mr Slipper’s office in 2011, took Mr Ashby with him to a cocktail function at Mr Slipper’s Buderim home about the middle of last year, several months before the independent MP hired Mr Ashby as his media adviser in December.

The new evidence tendered to court by Mr Ashby’s defence team reveals Mr Reynolds – Mr Ashby’s one-time school friend – visited Canberra in November last year and met with Mr Slipper.

Mr Reynolds then advised Mr Ashby by text that Mr Slipper had asked if Mr Reynolds was gay and that he thought he was visiting him ”to spy on him” in order to feed information to the local Sunshine Coast media. Mr Slipper also inquired as to whether Mr Reynolds was homosexual and if he and Mr Ashby were ”still together”.

”Lol that’s Peter. He is very intrigued by the whole gay thing,” Mr Ashby replied in a text message after Mr Reynolds recounted the conversation. ”Wtf? That’s very bizarre to think about the spy thing!!!”

As part of his defence to Mr Ashby’s sexual harassment claim, Mr Slipper told the Federal Court this week he believes Mr Ashby ”was placed” in his office or ”contrived a situation where he was able to come to my office” as part of an elaborate political conspiracy driven by the Liberal National Party as payback for leaving the LNP to accept the Speaker’s position in November last year.

But Mr Ashby’s barrister, Michael Lee, SC, tendered to court 200 pages of documents as part of his client’s defence against claims made by Mr Slipper that the aide was ”grooming” the Speaker, not the other way around.

The 200 pages of new evidence also reveal Mr Slipper asked his aide in December, ”Want to go to kings cross/taylor sq in syd?”

Mr Ashby told a friend he had been advised against taking the position in the Speaker’s office by the wife of Queensland cabinet minister Mark McArdle, Judy, who had worked in Mr Slipper’s office previously. In October last year, Mr Ashby suggested Mr Slipper aim for the speakership. Mr Slipper appeared surprised at the suggestion, sending Mr Ashby an SMS that read: ”Range of options open … Where did you get the idea I could become Speaker?”

The documents also reveal Mr Slipper distrusted the local media in his electorate as he believed his LNP rivals – including Mal Brough, now the preselected candidate in the seat of Fisher – were involved in a co-ordinated campaign to smear his reputation.

The affidavit includes every text message – notated with the words ”read” or ”sent” accompanied by editorialised explanatory remarks by Mr Ashby’s legal team. The hearings continue this week.

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Washer calls for wheat bill deal

March 1st, 2019 / / categories: 南京夜网419 /

West Australian Liberal backbencher Mal Washer.WEST Australian Liberal backbencher Mal Washer has condemned the ”agrarian socialists” in the Nationals for making life difficult for the Liberals on the controversial issue of wheat deregulation.
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As the Coalition deals with its internal fracture over the government’s bill to complete deregulation of the export industry, due to be debated this week, Dr Washer said: ”I would have thought the Liberal Party would have supported more deregulation. But we are dealing with agrarian socialists”.

He hoped for a compromise before there was a vote on the bill. Most wheat farmers in WA wanted deregulation, he said.

The Coalition is committed to opposing the bill, saying there should be a transition to deregulation, but WA Liberals are unhappy about this. If the bill passes the lower house, WA Liberal senator Dean Smith said he would cross the floor to support it in the Senate.

But the Nationals are split too. WA National Tony Crook said he, too, would cross the floor to support it. The eastern states’ Liberals are also divided – New South Wales Liberal Alby Schultz plans to abstain.

Dr Washer said he would consider crossing the floor only if there was a majority in both houses in favour of the bill. Its fate will depend on the crossbenchers in the lower house, who have different positions.

Former Liberal MP Wilson Tuckey, who lost his seat to Mr Crook in 2010, yesterday called for Tony Abbott to give Liberals a free vote. A strong backer of deregulation when he was in Parliament, Mr Tuckey said: ”In political terms, do you feed a boil, or do you lance it?”

WA Liberal senator Alan Eggleston called for a compromise – federal deregulation but state control for those who wanted regulation.

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JOHN Watson, owner of the Copper Lantern Motel in Rosebud, expected his power bills to rise by about 10 per cent under the carbon price, which was the amount forecast by the government for household increases.
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Last month he discovered the figure was considerably more than that. His provider has put a 2¢ carbon charge per kilowatt hour on top of his electricity charges. Because he is on a bargain tariff and his guests consume a lot of cheap, off-peak electricity, Mr Watson’s latest bill rose about 24 per cent.

”That’s $320 a month I no longer have, and it’s meant I’ve had to cut the hours of my casual cleaner,” he said after expressing his frustration in writing to his local MP, the federal Coalition’s Greg Hunt.

One hundred days since the Gillard government introduced its carbon price, power bill rises are a visible and indubitable impact.

As for the rest of the dire predictions, from Barnaby Joyce’s $100 roasts to Tony Abbott’s forecast that the steel town of Whyalla would be ”wiped off the map” – they are refusing to come true.

The prices of beef and lamb have fallen since June, according to Meat & Livestock Australia. A 1.7-kilogram leg of lamb from Woolworths online was last week going for just over $18.

Meanwhile, Whyalla’s main employer, Arrium, previously OneSteel, has been the target of an Asian takeover bid – a vote of confidence in Australia’s steel industry. The town, according to independent mayor Jim Pollock, is ”kicking goals”.

Countrywide, the economic data is solid. The Westpac-Melbourne Institute consumer sentiment index climbed from 95.6 points in June to 98.2 in September. Unemployment has fallen from 5.3 per cent in June to 5.1 per cent in August. There are 2900 more Australians employed now than there were before the carbon price.

Finance firm TD Securities and the Melbourne Institute said last week they had ”still not noticed any broad-based impact of the 1 July introduction of carbon pricing spilling over into prices”.

Even the power price rises aren’t always so bad. Another small business owner in Mr Hunt’s electorate, Michael Carroll, who runs an injection moulding firm on the Mornington Peninsula, got a better result.

Told he faced a 47 per cent rise, he shopped around using a price comparison website. A different retailer offered him a favourable deal – his current rate locked in for three years. Though he is still wary, describing the carbon price as ”another nail in the coffin” for the manufacturing sector, he says he’s ”feeling a bit more confident” about his own power costs.

The Gillard government is growing in its confidence that the electoral albatross around its neck just might shrink to a bearable weight.

But is it crowing too early when it says the hip-pocket pain Tony Abbott forecast has proved a mirage? There are probably still some price rises to come. Bill Lang, head of Small Business Australia, and Innes Willox, head of the Australian Industry Group, both say it will take a few power bill cycles for companies to be able to figure out what to pass on to their customers.

Mr Willox acknowledges many businesses ”had expectations they would be impacted harder than perhaps they have been”. But he adds: ”People are still feeling their way.”

That said, Michael Chua of the Melbourne Institute said he would have expected to see more price rises by now.

”We are into the third month of the carbon price. We should see this happening already.”

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Shutdown … instead of a second harbour crossing, the Infrastructure NSW strategy recommends upgrading track, stations and signalling.TRAIN services into central Sydney would be shut for months and restricted for years under plans by Infrastructure NSW to avoid building a second rail crossing over Sydney Harbour.
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That is according to analysis by Transport for NSW which, for half a decade, has been trying to avoid the cost of the crossing estimated at $10 billion.

The shutdown, which would affect the daily commute of tens of thousands of workers, would be needed under plans to upgrade stations in the central business district and track infrastructure. The objective would be to run up to 30 single-deck trains an hour instead of the 20 double-deckers it can run now.

The department and the Transport Minister, Gladys Berejiklian, rejected this idea only in May after deciding the disruption would not be worth the benefit.

Train commuters to the CBD would need to be dropped off on either side of the city – at Redfern, Chatswood or North Sydney – and taken by bus to the city. A limited service would remain for years.

The idea was revived last week as part of Infrastructure NSW’s 20-year strategy. Infrastructure NSW, set up as an independent adviser to the government, disputes the analysis. It says its job is to challenge a bias in Transport for NSW towards new infrastructure such as another harbour crossing.

”The general focus of the NSW transport bureaucracy over a very long time has been about building stuff,” the chairman of Infrastructure NSW, Nick Greiner, said last week. He wants to eke more out of the existing network. ”No matter where you come out you cannot believe that the existing thing is run anywhere near capacity,” he said.

Mr Greiner’s plan rejected the idea of adding to the city’s train system in the next two decades, beyond the north-west and south-west rail links.

Instead of a second harbour crossing, which Transport for NSW now says is necessary, the strategy recommends spending $5 billion in the next 20 years upgrading track, stations and signalling between the city and the lower north shore to allow more single-deck trains to cross the Harbour Bridge. It says the work could be carried out largely while trains were still running.

But the proposal echoes those being developed within Transport for NSW since at least 2008, which it has ruled out because of the disruption they would cause.

Analysis the Herald has obtained shows Transport for NSW concluded that for about ”four years there will be significant changes to the network operation in the CBD, with major disruption to operations, including no City Circle services from Central to Wynyard for three to four years (option dependent)”.

In fact, the disruption could be more intensive under the proposal by Infrastructure NSW.

The Transport for NSW proposal assumed the construction of a ”city relief line” or extra tracks between Redfern and Wynyard. These would help mitigate the impact on services while the existing tracks were overhauled and rerouted. But Infrastructure NSW proposes no spending on new CBD tracks for the next 20 years.

Switching to single-deck trains may sound simple but getting any extra capacity out of smaller trains with more doors would require rebuilding Wynyard and Town Hall station platforms.

It would also require closing lines so the complicated criss-cross of tracks between Redfern and Central could be rebuilt. Infrastructure NSW acknowledges that ”junction remodelling” would be needed to link the inner west and north shore lines south of Central.

Internal Transport for NSW documents say the work would cause a big disruption on all lines for three to four years.

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Inner-Sydney enrolments keep on soaring

January 31st, 2019 / / categories: 南京夜网419 /

INNER Sydney has become the new school-bag belt as gentrified generation X-ers shun the outer suburbs in favour of raising their families close to the city.
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The Department of Education’s Sydney region has outstripped western Sydney and south-western Sydney in public school enrolments over the past five years.

Some inner-city primary schools have almost doubled their enrolments between 2006 and 2011. The inner west shows similar growth, with enrolments at Erskineville Public up 81 per cent between 2006 and 2011, Leichhardt up 89 per cent and Rozelle Public up 73 per cent.

And the inner-Sydney family trend shows no sign of declining, with the number of preschool-aged children in Leichhardt growing by 83 per cent between 2001 and 2011, by 51 per cent in Paddington and by 50 per cent in Annandale over the same period.

The city and inner west have shown the strongest population growth in Sydney over the past decade, according to figures from the Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics released this week.

It’s part of what demographers call the return-to-the-city movement as wealthy professional couples eschew the long commute for convenience and stay put once they start families.

”It’s a very interesting phenomenon and it’s almost as if nobody really thought it through,” said Bill Randolph, of the University of NSW’s City Futures Research Centre.

”The return to the city was probably seen as a movement by singles and couples, not people who might produce families. But that’s exactly what has happened,” Professor Randolph said.

The increasing acceptance of apartment living and inner-Sydney gentrification are fanning the trend, according to Andrew Wilson, the senior economist for the Fairfax-owned Australian Property Monitors.

”It started closer to the city and now it’s spreading out,” he said. ”It’s that generation of business couples who are becoming family couples.” The inner west is tracking ahead of Sydney overall, with price growth of about 2 per cent to 3 per cent, Dr Wilson said.

Professor Randolph believes there will be increased demand for secondary school places as the baby bubble of the early 2000s moves through the system.

”People who plan education systems tend to look at what’s happened in the past rather than what’s going to happen in the future so I think there will be some real pinch-points in the system in a year or two,” he said.

Community for Local Options for Secondary Education, a lobby group formed by inner-city parents last year, is campaigning for Cleveland Street Boys High School in Surry Hills to re-open as a comprehensive public school. It is being used as an intensive English high school for 232 students.

The independent candidate in the Sydney byelection, Alex Greenwich, said the reopening of the school could avert potential overcrowding in inner-Sydney secondary schools.

”Families are increasingly living in the city and it’s important that they are provided with the educational facilities they need to stay here,” he said.

The opposition spokeswoman on education, Carmel Tebbutt, said the O’Farrell government must plan for the growth.

”The last two budgets for education have reduced the capital funding and my fear is that they’re not investing in the infrastructure for schools which are going to be needed to accommodate future demand,” Ms Tebbutt said.

A spokesman for the Department of Education said secondary schools in inner Sydney still had capacity for more students. ”The Department of Education is constantly monitoring demographic trends and plans ahead for future needs,” he said.

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LATE one steamy Saturday night 10 years ago, Max Murphy, a 28-year-old Australian expat, was in the Sari Club in Kuta, talking to a mate, Peter Chworowsky, about his plans for the future.
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Earlier that day, the two had played for the Taipei Baboons in the Bali Tens rugby tournament, an annual 10-a-side competition that draws teams from Asia and Australia. While the other “Baboons”, including his brother Scott, danced and drank, Mr Murphy wondered aloud about leaving his job as a computer parts salesman.

“I remember telling Peter how I’d to really love to start a sports bar in Taipei,” Mr Murphy said. “Then I got up to go the loo, and was coming back when I heard the first bomb go off across the road. But it didn’t sound like a bomb – it sounded like firecrackers. In fact, everyone in the Sari Club started cheering and clapping.”

Moments later, the second, much larger bomb, went off, right outside, hurling Mr Murphy to the ground, where he lay buried under the club’s thatched roof. “I thought, if I don’t get out now, I’m going to get trampled to death,” he said.

Crawling from the rubble, he heard Scott calling his name, and followed his voice to a nearby wall, where they helped other survivors scramble out of the burning building.

“Five members of the team – all the guys who were dancing – died that night,” Mr Murphy said. “There was also another of our guys, Morne Viljone, who was missing, so we spent the rest of the night searching every hospital we could find, going through wards, pulling back curtains, till we found him.”

Mr Viljone had suffered burns to 45 per cent of his body. “But he was alive at least, so we got him evacuated to Darwin.”

Now, 10 years later, the Baboons are back in Bali.

“On Friday there will be a memorial at the old field we played on that day of the bombing,” Mr Murphy, who plays five-eighth, said.

They will also play on Saturday and Sunday ”when there will be a memorial match with players from teams who played in the 2002 tournament”.

Mr Murphy, who is now the father of a seven-month-old daughter, said it was “pure luck” who survived and who didn’t that night. “People often ask me if I am angry, but I’m not really; I just feel sad that it ever happened.”

However, the tragedy did make that much-discussed career change much easier.

“After Bali, I thought, ‘Screw this, I want to do something with my life that I enjoy’.”

So in 2003, Mr Murphy and some other survivors started up the Brass Monkey Bar in Taipei.

Together with members of the Baboons, the bar has raised thousands of dollars for the Bali Trust Fund, which assists victims such as Mr Viljone with medical costs, as well funding the development of rugby in Taiwan.

Max Murphy with his daughter.

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High rise by assembly line

January 31st, 2019 / / categories: 南京夜网419 /

ARCHITECTURE firm Elenberg Fraser claims to have developed a new factory-based model for building everything from single houses to high-rise apartment blocks that will cut buyers’ costs, increase developers’ profits – and reduce the need for architects.
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The firm has developed an off-the-shelf, predesigned, prefabricated system for houses, hotels, apartments and residential towers using pioneering manufacturing technology developed by another well-known architect, Nonda Katsalidis.

The predesigned building system called Klik will allow developers to preview modular apartment buildings online and the firm hopes it will save 15 per cent of the cost and halve the time it takes to build, Elenberg Fraser director Callum Fraser said.

The system uses modular components that can be pieced together on an assembly line in Brooklyn, in Melbourne’s west, using techniques similar to car manufacturing.

Despite the buildings’ standardised design and pre-engineered nature, architects would still be needed, architect and Grand Designs Australia host Peter Maddison said.

Modular systems had been tried over the years, some with more success than others, he said. ”I would be very surprised if it took the market by storm and put all architects in Melbourne out of work.”

The firm’s ambitious ”off-the-shelf” system allows for predesigned houses, multi-level apartments, a high-rise and hotel with either square, linear, C-shape or L-shape bases that can house up to 14 different one-to-three-bedroom apartment types.

Each building was made to look different using a unique facade.

Mr Fraser said the system was being used in the construction of a Melbourne hotel.

”If you’re an architect or developer, you can deliver a 75-square-metre apartment using Klik for the same price you can deliver a 65-square-metre apartment using conventional construction,” he said.

Katsalidis’ Unitised Building technology has manufactured four apartment buildings in Melbourne, including The Nicholson in Brunswick and Little Hero in the city. But each of those buildings was designed and engineered from scratch, a process that was standardised under the Klik system, Fraser said.

RMIT architecture professor Philip Goad said architects had ”long dreamed” about being able to mass produce housing.

”Unitised building is something the construction industry needs to embrace,” he said.

A modular UB Australia apartment will be placed in Federation Square today as part of The New Joneses sustainable living event.

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Busting into secure male territory

January 31st, 2019 / / categories: 南京夜网419 /

Gina Field with some of her security staff.SLOSHING around in the mud protecting movie star Leonardo DiCaprio’s film shoot may not be everybody’s idea of Hollywood glamour.
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But Gina Field has never been one to care for the cliches. ”I like to get there amongst it, I like to get my hands dirty,” says the 44-year-old owner of Nepean Regional Security, which protected the set of Baz Luhrmann’s The Great Gatsby during its rainy outdoor filming in the Blue Mountains this year.

While conditions were pretty horrible, Field says: ”I’ve always been a girl that has done something different. I’m not a real girly girl.”

Which is probably a good prerequisite when you’re a woman running your own business in the male-dominated security industry. Field, a veteran with more than 24 years’ experience, started her agency in 1998 from her Penrith home, doing her first patrol rounds in a clapped-out Holden Camira. The company has since grown into a $3-million-a-year business with 40 staff and 13 vehicles in Sydney’s western suburbs.

The movies have become welcome jobs, but her main business is still building protection, crowd control and other bread-and-butter security services.

Field recalls how she worked in a hardware store aged 19 and quizzed a security guard on how she could get into the industry. He told her not to bother because women wouldn’t be employed. ”Being the personality I am, when I was listening to that I thought ‘now I want to be a security guard because I want to show I can do it’,” she says.

She attended a training course and secured her first job, signing people in and out of an insurance building in Sydney. She was moved to corporate sites around the city, ”but it just wasn’t my scene … I’ve always been a bit of a daredevil and I wanted to get out there.”

Determined to become a mobile patrol officer, she snuck into her employer’s patrols on her nights off to learn the rounds, and got a chance to prove herself during a staff shortage. It was a poorly regulated industry in the ’90s, and before she had firearms training, an employer handed her an old .44 Magnum without bullets to carry on her hip.

After Field was made redundant in late 1997, a client encouraged her to start her own company. It was a slow grind until 2007, when she won a large government tender to secure three former Olympic sites in Sydney’s west.

Suddenly ”my turnover had gone from something like $90,000 to $800,000,” says Field, who was a finalist in this year’s Telstra NSW Business Women’s Awards.

Field admits there have been times when she felt vulnerable – arriving at crime scenes when the thugs were still there, or going into dark factories on patrol runs. The flipside was that clients tended to trust her a little more than some of her ”macho industry peers”.

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Banks hit by ‘relentless’ costs

January 31st, 2019 / / categories: 南京夜网419 /

AUSTRALIAN banks are seeing a ”relentless” increase in costs even as they shift their reliance from wholesale funding to deposits, ANZ’s Australian boss Phil Chronican said.
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His comments come as the ANZ is later this week expected to follow its big-bank rivals and hold back some of the Reserve Bank’s 25-basis-point interest rate cut.

The Commonwealth Bank, Westpac and NAB last week faced criticism when they each lowered their standard variable mortgages by less than this month’s cut in official rates. CBA and NAB said they would reduce their rates by 20 basis points to 6.6 per cent and 6.58 per cent, respectively, while Westpac cut its rate 18 basis points to 6.71 per cent.

Since the start of the year, the ANZ has been conducting its own monthly review of interest rates. The go-it-alone pricing strategy takes place every second Friday and seeks to break the link in consumers’ minds between official rate moves and the rates charged by the commercial banks.

Mr Chronican told ABC television yesterday the cost of funding had ”gone up and up”, although he noted costs had started to stabilise this year.

Even so, ANZ was currently refinancing borrowings that were made between three and five years ago ”at materially lower costs”.

In addition, the cost of retail deposits had not fallen by as much as the cash-rate target, Mr Chronican said.

Australian banks have been cutting back their reliance on global money markets to fund their lending book since the global financial crisis. Instead, they have been using more deposits to write loans.

Meanwhile, Treasurer Wayne Swan continued to urge disgruntled bank customers to shop around, saying the timing was right for home owners to review their mortgage.

”While government policies play an important role in fostering a competitive market, consumers also play an important role,” Mr Swan said yesterday.

”When a bank decides to pocket some of an interest rate cut on a home loan, it’s betting you’ll put up with it.

”But you don’t have to cop it quietly on the chin. If your bank doesn’t do the right thing by you, tell them, and if they don’t lift their game, look around for a better deal.”

In the past two months, the ANZ has left its rates unchanged without mention of higher costs.

When the Reserve Bank cut official interest rates to 3.25 per cent last Tuesday, it said the banks were having ”no difficulty” in accessing funds, after a recent lift in financial market confidence.

Mr Swan acknowledged some parts of the Australian economy were under pressure from global headwinds, a high dollar and changing consumer behaviour.

However, he said it was ”encouraging” that the much lower interest rates come at the same time as unemployment is low and economic growth is healthy.

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ROSARIO: On this night, at this venue, on this occasion, the Wallabies could easily have lost their way. A team with its fair share of novices and new combinations would not have been used to such a zoo-like atmosphere, with a baying crowd perched right on top of the tourists, urging on the confrontational home side and even using a laser beam to put the Australians off the task at hand.
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So raucous was the crowd the players could barely hear each other. They were almost forced to resort to sign language to communicate. The high humidity made the ground slippery and the football was near impossible to hold. On top of that, the dimensions of the ground were such that the playing area was several metres too short. It was claustrophobic. Not a spot for anyone who is a bit sensitive, immature or paranoid.

However, a battered Wallabies line-up, nearly a second XV, stood up to this massive challenge and achieved one of Australian rugby’s most courageous triumphs in recent times by defeating the Pumas in a grim, gritty Test at Gigante de Arroyito stadium.

Apart from saving their coach Robbie Deans, the Wallabies again showed they are the masters of excelling when everything is seemingly against them. They are the ultimate backs-to-the-wall merchants.

Their task in Rosario was not easy. They were short of many key players, and had endured a demanding travel schedule just to get there after a week in South Africa, which ended with them being bashed by the Springboks in Pretoria.

A week on, they ran onto the field with raw combinations and a back line more or less thrown together. They were being asked to somehow stop a rampant Pumas outfit pursuing its first win in the Rugby Championship while being urged on by 40,000 screaming, excitable supporters.

To stay ahead took discipline, which the Wallabies showed in abundance. Mike Harris kept his head down, ignored all the distractions, and contributed 20 points with his accurate goal-kicking boot, taking advantage of an ever-pedantic South African referee Craig Joubert going through his usual tedious routine of endlessly whistling away. The only shot the fullback missed coincided with him being lasered by someone in the crowd as he ran in to kick the ball.

The Wallabies’ defence remained solid, holding the Pumas out until the 77th minute, while they earlier had finished off one of their few proper attacking chances when Digby Ioane scored a well-crafted try that involved attacking decoys and a delayed pass from his five-eighth Kurtley Beale. And so many inexperienced players were up to the challenge. Young flanker Michael Hooper was a standout, producing one of the few Test highlights when he scampered 60 metres down field after grabbing an opposition lineout throw on the Wallabies line in the second half.

The Pumas were hoping to score from that attacking lineout, but instead Hooper had them frantically back-pedalling.

Ben Tapuai and Nick Cummins were near mistake free, while Beale had his second accomplished Test performance in a row at five-eighth. Nick Phipps controlled proceedings well at halfback, while Harris was as assured in general play as he was lining up for kicks when the lasers were not aimed in his direction.

The Wallabies forwards also kept their opponents at bay, even taking them on in the mauling department. But most important, when under siege, they showed pride in the green and gold.

As their captain, Nathan Sharpe, explained: ”The character and the intensity was outstanding. That provided the platform for our victory. The field was a lot smaller than what we were used to, it was one of the wettest balls we had ever played with, and one of the most hostile crowds I had encountered in my career. And we got the job done.”

When a level head was required it came from the newcomers.

”It would have been very easy for us to lose our cool out there,” prop Ben Alexander said.

”The humid weather and the narrow pitch probably didn’t suit how we like to play. So tonight was a big step up for us, because for a change we started well and built pressure on the opposition, rather than the other way around.”

There was high drama in the final minutes as replacement Brett Sheehan was sent to the sinbin, and the Pumas were on the charge requiring a converted try to win. But the Wallabies again stuck solid, knocking over every Argentinian who came their way, for a victory of which every member of the touring party should be proud.

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